Tương lai gần (be going to)

Tuong-lai-gan

BE GOING TO + V-nguyên thể

  • CẤU TRÚC:

+ Be going to : dùng để diễn tả một dự định trong tương lai gần.

  1. Khẳng định:

S + Am/Is/Are + Going TO + V-nguyên thể.

Eg: I AM “going to” BUY a new car

tôi dự định sẽ mua chiếc xe hơi mới.

 

  1. Phủ định:

S + Am/Is/Are  + Not + Going TO + V-nguyên thể.

Eg: You win. I AM not “going to” ARGUE with you anymore.

Anh đúng. Tôi không tranh luận với anh nữa.

 

  1. Nghi vấn:

Am/Is/Are   + S + Going TO + V-nguyên thể ?

Eg: What IS he “going to” DO?

Anh ấy định làm gì?

 

  • Chúng ta dùng WAS/WERE going to V-nguyên thể : để diễn tả về một ý định làm việc gì đó nhưng đã không làm.

Eg: We WERE “going to” HAVE a picnic Saturday, actually, but… we changed our minds.

Thực ra, bọn tớ định đi picnic hôm thứ bảy, nhưng cuối cùng bọn tớ đổi ý.

 

Exercises:

  1. What is going to happen in these situations. Use the words in parentheses:

 

  1. There are masses of dark clouds in the sky .(rain) It ……..

=> It IS GOING TO RAIN.

  1. I am very tired so I (stay) …………….. at home.

=>I AM GOING TO STAY at home

  1. How pale that girl is! I am sure she (faint) ……… .

=> I am sure she IS GOING TO FAINT.

  1. What is strange noise? ( break down) The lift ……….

=>the lift IS GOING TO BREAK DOWN

  1. Listen to the wind. We ( have )…….. a rough crossing.

=>We ARE GOING TO HAVE a a rough crossing;

 

  1. Complete the sentences with WAS/WERE GOING TO + one of these word:

“TRAVEL, TELL, GO, ARGUE, MENTION”

  1. I …….. you when you interrupted.

=>I  WAS GOING TO TELL  you when you interrupted.

  1. We ………..by train but then we decided to go by car instead.

=>We WERE GOING TO TRAVEL by train but then we decided to go by car instead.

  1. He …………. but then he let it go.

=> He WAS GOING TO ARGUE, but then he let it go.

 

  1. I ……………. Have a picnic but it rained heavily.
  2. => I WAS GOING TO HAVE a picnic but it rained heavily.

 

  1. I …………..that, but you took the words right out of my mouth.

Tôi đang định nói/đề cập việc đó thì anh đã nói đúng những điều đó rồi. 

=> I WAS GOING TO MENTION that, but you took the words right out of my mouth.

 

  1. Write a question with “ going to” for each situation :
  2. Your friend has won some money, You aks:

( What/ do with it  ?) =>What are you going to do with it?

 

  1. Your friend will have a week-long holiday next month. You aks:

(Where/ travel?) => ………………..

Where are you going to travel ?

  1. Your friend will return to visit her parents and siblings. You aks:

( How long/ stay ) =>………………….

How long ARE You going to stay at your home?

  1. Your friend has just bought a new house . You aks:

( When/ move there) => ………….

                   When are you going to move there?

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